The interest towards using ionic liquids as lubricants has been increasing since ca. 2012 . It was demonstrated that the interfacial structures in ionic liquids control the nanoscale friction. Experimental (see refs in ) and several computational studies [2–5] revealed that lubricity varies with the number and lateral structure of confined ion layers, which in turn are dependent on the applied potential. This opens a possibility of electrochemical control of friction, in other words a “Tantalizing prospect of tunning friction on small dimensions without changing surfaces with a self-replenishing layer, and could be easily integrated into niche situations, … because ionic liquids are cheaper than existing nonconducting molecular lubricants” (see refs in ). At the same time it was shown that the restructuring of the potential dependent interfacial structure happens in ionic liquids on a regular manner [6,7]. Therefore, there is a direct relation between various interfacial properties through the potential dependent interfacial structure . For instance, it has not been marked in the literature that the potential dependent friction force [9–11] is proportional to the potential dependent capacitance [12–14]. The understanding of this structure-based relationship can help in controlling of the nanoscale friction in ionic liquids by a potential-tuned ionic lubricant layer.
During this STSM visit, we have initiated a comprehensive study: formulated a hypothesis, prepared a research plan, and obtained preliminary results. The later reveal a proportionality between potential dependent capacitance and friction force. Such structure-based relationship can be of use in controlling of the nanoscale friction in ionic liquids by an applied potential. Further work should verify the generic mechanism of the electrotunable lubricity and capacity. In the future study we plan to perform a detailed atomistic simulation to enable comparison between specific computational and experimental data.
This research was supported by a short term scientific mission funded by COST action MP1303.
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